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Risks of torture are almost inevitable in such incommunicado detention, a fact not exclusive to China. But the experts specify that many forms of acts which may amount to torture are not defined as such in Chinese law. This includes excessively long solitary confinement and interrogation, as well as threats against and harassment of family members. Take the case of human rights lawyer Wang Quanzhang.

Additionally, forced medical treatment — along with the more traditional denial of adequate medical treatment — raised concerns as related to the protection and realization of the right to an adequate standard of health.

The Chinese government has not yet responded to the letter. Xia concurs: For more information, please contact: Sarah M. Brooks at s.

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Practical Digital Protection is a full, self-study styled, manual on increasing the security and protection for those at risk in hostile environments. The manual identifies risks and solutions, and unlike other materials, is focused on behavioral measures and issues. Technological solutions is at best secondary. The English language version has been made available as reference.

It is entirely based on the Chinese language version for mainland China. Other localized version differs, and may differ wildly, depending on the identified needs of the target group in those countries. Each localized version is developed together with lawyers, journalists, rights defenders and NGO workers in the relevant countries. The solutions herein have been tested in the field, by both the producers of this manual, as well as by numerous members of the feedback group of lawyers, journalists and NGO workers who helped create this manual.

It has been tested by technical forensics work, both short-term and long-term interrogations, utilization of torture, and beyond. There are no guarantees, but in hostile environment, well thought out behavior will serve you better than most technical solutions on offer.

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The Introduction: Behavior-based Cybersecurity is a briefer document outlining basic behavior-related issues and methods to increase security and safety, i. For more information, inquiries, or requests for assistance or training, contact Safeguard Defenders. Easier, better looking and more informative, the spreadsheet database can be downloaded below. Bilingual dual-tab excel. This does not include many interviews done with people in this database conducted anonymously.

Main confessor or target. In most cases, the name of the main confessor of any specific broadcast, sometimes more than one person. Supporting confessor. People used to attack the Main confessor or off-screen target. Jailhouse or Neutral. The setting in which the victim is displayed. Use of neutral setting being more common for political cases, and also being a trend in that neutral setting has become more common over time. Legal status when FC. Where in judicial process the victim was in at time of broadcast. Sentence or Imprisonment.

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Whether the person was actually sentenced for the crime. In many cases, people are not. In some cases, people are sentenced for different crime than the one they admitted to during their Forced TV Confession. Other categories are self-explanatory.

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Any empty field indicates the information is not available. Founded in early , the National Supervision Commission NSC and its corresponding detention system, Liuzhi, remains concerningly opaque. However, based on what is known about its predecessor, the Shuanggui system, and about Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location RSDL , both of which Liuzhi is based on, some clarity on what to be expected with the implementation of the National Supervision Commission can be offered.

The target group of potential victims has been massively enlarged, well beyond the party member-only system under Shuanggui and the limited number of crimes permitting RSDL. The creation and implementation of such a system stands to change a fundamental aspect of governance in China. The fact that China is pioneering multiple custodial systems targeting increasingly broad demographics, in a manner that often amounts to enforced disappearances , arguably means that China will utilize enforced disappearance on a scale never before seen.

Considering several countries are in the process of discussing extradition treaties with China, understanding the NSC becomes even more important. The report draws on extensive research on RSDL previously carried out by Safeguard Defenders, and analysis of illustrative higher profile cases of Shuanggui to project what can likely be expected.

This report, therefore, functions as a briefing paper on the new system. This month, June 4 marked 29 years since the Tiananmen Square crackdown. Despite heavy rains, more than , people in Hong Kong remembered the massacre at the annual candlelight vigil.

Beijing was having none of it and rather nastily responded: Naturally, China itself did not acknowledge the event, but families of the victims, the Tiananmen Mothers, sent an open letter to Xi Jinping asking him for the Party to accept responsibility for what happened in They wrote: And over at Global Voices, an interesting article uses the anniversary to ask the question: Heinz, for example, that sources tomatoes from Xinjiang for its ketchup: While there is still no official recognition of the campaign, RFA continues to trace numbers of people disappeared, village by village.

In Qaraqash county, a local official said almost half of the 1, households had been rounded up into camps — which amounted to almost all the adult men. The key western scholar working on the re-education policy, Adrian Zenz, took two interviews this month. He talked with us here and Deutsche Welle here. In a chilling reminder that the rights abuses of China are so easily spread to its authoritarian neighbours, Vietnam aired the apology and confession of a detained US citizen on television.

Speaking in Vietnamese, William Nguyen, a second-generation Vietnamese American who had been arrested at anti-China protests a week before, said: In early June, dozens of Swedish newspapers called for his release in an article published in 37 major newspapers and signed by Swedish scholars, journalists, politicians and actors. You can read the article here in Swedish. The Diplomat made the observation that this move by the Swedish press illustrates just how passive the Swedish government has been in pushing for Mr. For Lawyer Wang it means she is unable to visit her teenage son who is studying in Australia.

This ChinaChange article from May gives a run-down of lawyers who are still being harassed by the authorities. Two Hong Kong journalists have made a second film about the Crackdown, released to mark the third anniversary of the event next month. This can only be interpreted as an attempt to normalize and popularize the forced public confession in China despite it being reminiscent of the excesses of the Mao era and a stark move away from any pretense at a rule of law.

Confessions are being disseminated across a number of platforms from court Weibo accounts to TV entertainment programs. The most typical confessions reported on have been the Forced TV Confessions before trial and often before formal arrest. Our report Scripted and Staged: Confessions have a long history dating back to the imperial age, even more so, so they lie at the core of control in Communist China both for furthering the political grip and in ideological reform.

A discussion on this can be read here and here. One thing of note is that the re-emergence of public confessions — especially in their new form of televised and online dissemination — has coincided with the rise of Xi Jinping. In tandem, the legal system has also undergone an overhaul to massively legalise what would formerly have been extra-legal detentions.

These confessions are suspended in an area midway between the legal and the propaganda systems. Such theatrics are rare these days, instead televised portions of courtroom procedures are typically used to showcase the repentance and confession of the defendant. For example, Mr.

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Lee expressed remorse, thanked his prosecutors, and said he has seen the error of his ways. Because Mr. A sentiment that Mr. Lee, a pro-democracy activist, is highly unlikely to have made without being coerced. Wu who like Mr. Zhou was given a closed-door trial refused to confess, and even according to his lawyer gave sarcastic thanks to the court for his sentencing. Wu speak, he just stands there, while the judges make their statements.